Radiation Protection Glossary
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Half-life is closely related to the property of Radioactive Decay
and represents the time taken for half the Atoms
in a Radioactive
substances to undergo decay and change into another nuclear form (either a radioactive daughter product or a stable form). It is therefore the time taken for the Activity
of a radioactive sample to decay by half and is commonly given the symbol t½.
The biological half-life is the time taken for half of a radioactive
material, (present in a body as a result of inhalation
), to be eliminated by the biological processes in that body.
The 'High Activity Sealed Sources Directive' (HASS) is designed to provide greater control of high activity sealed sources
. Only significant activity sources are included, for example, Cobalt-60 sources of more than 4 × 10^10 Bq will be included. The aim is to ensure that proper controls are in place throughout the entire life cycle of the source from production, purchase, use, storage and eventual disposal. These controls are designed to ensure that sources can not be lost, that the threat of theft is minimised, and that sources can not be purchased unless there is a disposal route and resources available to affect that disposal when required.
A term used for the practice of Radiological Protection. A practitioner may be known as a Health Physicist or perhaps in the UK a Radiation Protection Adviser (RPA)
Hereditary effects (with respect to Radiation Protection
) are those effects present in the offspring of those exposed to Probabilistic
levels of ionising radiation. See Genetic Effects
A common 'slang' term used in Health Physics
and Radiation Protection
to mean something with high levels of Activity
. It has no technically recognised meaning and should be used with care since the word can be used subjectively. UK universities commonly use the term 'Hot Lab' to mean a laboratory which contains higher than normal levels of Radiation